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Even before the advent of the Aryans, Gujarat had trade links with civilizations of Sumer, Babylon, Assyria and Egypt. The place holds one of the important centers of Indus valley Civilization. Archaeological evidences suggest signs of civilizations even during 11th century here. At that point of time,the place was called, Ashapalli or Ashaval.
During the period of 11th century, Karandev I the then ruler of Anhilwara(now known as Patan), defeated Bhil, the king of Ashaval in a war. To mark his victory,. He established a city called Karnavati on the river Sabaramati. The site is now Ahmedabad. Until 13th century, Solanki rulers ruled Gujarat and then power was shifted to Vaghela Dynasty of Dwarka.
A few decades latter, at the end of 13th century, the city of Ahmedabad fell into the hands of Sultanate of Delhi. One of the legend has it that Sultan Ahmed Shah, while camping on the banks of the river Sabarmati saw a hare chasing a door. Impressed by this act of bravery, he made this place his capital and named it Ahmedabad.
Ahmedabad played a pivotal role in India's struggle for freedom and independence. The Karmbhumi of Mahatma Gandhi, city has been home to stalwarts like Dadabhai Naroji, Pherozshah Mehta and Vithalbhai Patel. All of these leaders contributed with their heart and soul in to the freedom struggle. The houses of TATAs, the pioneers of industrial development in India, are some of the gems glittering in the crown of the city. From reformist to industrialist, Ahmedabad has produced all. From saints like Mahatma Gandhi to industrialist like Ratan Tata, this state of Gujarat has lived with contrasts and contradictions.
The city's prosperous historical has been a banquet of rich architectural legacy and religious-cultural confluence. The new capital of Gujarat is situated at a distance of 23km from Ahmedabad.